by Teresa Marks
As the former Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality director for almost eight years, I know firsthand how important it is for states to work closely with EPA when it comes to protecting human health and the environment. That’s why when I was asked to be the EPA Administrator’s new principal advisor for Unconventional Oil and Gas (UOG), I was excited to get another firsthand perspective on how hard EPA works to coordinate with states. Today, we released the draft assessment of the Potential Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing for Oil and Gas on Drinking Water Resources, and I wanted to take some time to tell you about what we are doing to support states.
States play the primary role in the day-to-day activities relating to the regulation of unconventional oil and natural gas development. EPA, like states, has a vested interest in responsible oil and natural gas development so as to ensure adequate safeguards for air, land, and water. With that goal in mind, we recently worked with states on this through our support of the National Governors Association’s state learning network on responsible shale energy development—a program where states share protective practices to protect public health as shale energy resources are being developed.
We feel it is important for industry, states, tribes, academia, and EPA—working in collaboration—to explore the implementation of protective practices in the field—and particularly how we can transparently demonstrate that they have been properly and fully applied. For example, technology has both advanced and become less expensive meaning real-time monitoring of storage vessels at a well site may be done remotely and in real time. No longer is an annual physical audit the only way to determine if a protective practice is in place.
In addition, transparency of information is a minimum expectation by communities of both the industry and the government when it comes to responsible unconventional oil and natural gas activities. Technology and transparency are powerful tools that can optimize efficiency, reduce risk, save capital, and help prioritize resources for industry and states. Technology and transparency are two examples of how to ensure implementation of protective practices. Working together with states and other stakeholders on these efforts to ensure the implementation of protective practices is vital to minimizing potential risks and increasing public confidence in responsible energy development.
EPA will continue to support states’ efforts by sharing our expertise and experience, and by serving as a convener—to bring states, tribes and industry and others together to raise the bar on performance. In the future we will be meeting with stakeholders to explore and encourage the implementation of protective practices being implemented in the field. Working together to support transparent implementation of best practices that keep pace with innovative technology, can both minimize potential risks and increase public confidence that unconventional oil and gas production and development is happening safely and responsibly.
About the author: Teresa Marks is principal advisor for Unconventional Oil and Gas.