outdoor activities

Your Sustainable NYC Weekend is Here

This weekend is brimming with crisp autumn fun! Grab your sweater, windbreaker, or parka and hit the city streets!

Castle and its Kingdom Tour – Take a walk around the lands dominated by Central Park’s Belvedere Castle. Visit the tiny 55-acre realm on an eclectic tour of history and nature. Saturday, October 20, 10:30 a.m. – 11:30 a.m.

Community Paddle and Bike Loan – Join the Bronx River Alliance for a free paddle or free bike ride along the greenway. Free, no registration required. Saturday, October 20, 11:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.

Electronic Waste Recycling Day in Cobble Hill – The Lower East Side Ecology Center is holding an e-waste recycling event at P.S. 29 in Cobble Hill to help you responsibly recycle all of your unwanted or broken gadgets. Spread the word to your friends and neighbors! Sunday, October 21, 10:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.

Halloween Costume Swap – Find a fun new-to-you costume or donate your clean, gently used costumes to the swap. The swap is free, so give and take as you’d like! Saturday, October 20, 11:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m.

MillionTreesNYC Tree Giveaway Event – Head over to Woodlawn Cemetery this Sunday for their tree giveaway. Rain or shine! Sunday, October 21, 9:00 a.m. – 11:00 a.m.

Red Hook Harvest Festival – Celebrate the harvest of Brooklyn’s largest community farm! Featuring foods from local restaurants, pumpkin carving, farm animals, games, farm tours, music, local fruits and veggies at the Red Hook Farmers Market, and much more! Saturday, October 20, 10:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed herein are those of the author alone. EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog, nor does EPA endorse the opinions or positions expressed. You may share this post. However, please do not change the title or the content. If you do make changes, please do not attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

EPA's official web site is www.epa.gov. Some links on this page may redirect users from the EPA website to a non-EPA, third-party site. In doing so, EPA is directing you only to the specific content referenced at the time of publication, not to any other content that may appear on the same webpage or elsewhere on the third-party site, or be added at a later date.

EPA is providing this link for informational purposes only. EPA cannot attest to the accuracy of non-EPA information provided by any third-party sites or any other linked site. EPA does not endorse any non-government websites, companies, internet applications or any policies or information expressed therein.

Sustainable Holiday Weekend Activities

There’s no excuse to stay put this weekend. The Federal Government is off for Columbus Day on October 8, so you will note that we’ve included some events for Monday as well. If we’ve left something fun out, let us know in the comments section.

Boo at the Zoo: Enjoy family and kids’ activities, including magic shows, scary stories, costume parades, a hay maze, pumpkin painting and more. Saturdays and Sundays at the Bronx Zoo for the month of October.

Brooklyn Flea: The Flea features hundreds of top vendors of antique and repurposed furniture, vintage clothing, collectibles and antiques, as well as a tightly curated selection of jewelry, art, and crafts by local artisans and designers, plus delicious fresh food. Saturday, October 6, 10 a.m.-5 p.m. in Fort Greene (176 Lafayette Ave. btw. Clermont and Vanderbilt Ave). Sunday, October 7, 10 a.m.-5 p.m. in Williamsburg (East River Waterfront (btw. North 6 and 7 St).

Columbus Day Parade: Monday, October 8, 11:30 a.m-3 p.m.

Hester Street Fair: Located at the corner of Hester and Essex Street, the fair celebrates the culture and rich history of the Lower East Side neighborhood. Open every Saturday from 10 a.m.to 6 p.m.

NYC Greenmarkets: Check out this full listing of daily Greenmarkets for a location near you!

The Spooktacular Pumpkin Party at The New York Botanical Garden: Dance with master puppeteer Ralph Lee’s costumed creatures and meet the largest bat in the world, the Gigantic Flying Fox of Malaysia, in the Haunted Pumpkin Garden. Spooky storytelling and live performances by Fisher Price’s Little People Live! are also in the mix at this Halloween bash. Ages 5 and up. Saturday, Sunday and Monday (see schedule for times).

Volunteer with Added Value at Red Hook Community Farm: Fall is an incredible time to come out to the farm and work side by side with your neighbors, youth leaders and urban farm corps members. Sow seeds, harvest produce, build our youth garden and enjoy the local and regional produce at the Red Hook Farmers’ Market. Saturday, October 6, 10 a.m.-4 p.m.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed herein are those of the author alone. EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog, nor does EPA endorse the opinions or positions expressed. You may share this post. However, please do not change the title or the content. If you do make changes, please do not attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

EPA's official web site is www.epa.gov. Some links on this page may redirect users from the EPA website to a non-EPA, third-party site. In doing so, EPA is directing you only to the specific content referenced at the time of publication, not to any other content that may appear on the same webpage or elsewhere on the third-party site, or be added at a later date.

EPA is providing this link for informational purposes only. EPA cannot attest to the accuracy of non-EPA information provided by any third-party sites or any other linked site. EPA does not endorse any non-government websites, companies, internet applications or any policies or information expressed therein.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed herein are those of the author alone. EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog, nor does EPA endorse the opinions or positions expressed. You may share this post. However, please do not change the title or the content. If you do make changes, please do not attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

EPA's official web site is www.epa.gov. Some links on this page may redirect users from the EPA website to a non-EPA, third-party site. In doing so, EPA is directing you only to the specific content referenced at the time of publication, not to any other content that may appear on the same webpage or elsewhere on the third-party site, or be added at a later date.

EPA is providing this link for informational purposes only. EPA cannot attest to the accuracy of non-EPA information provided by any third-party sites or any other linked site. EPA does not endorse any non-government websites, companies, internet applications or any policies or information expressed therein.

There’s a whole bunch of stuff going on across all five boroughs this weekend, so grab that Metrocard and get to it!

Autumn Moon Festival – This annual event celebrates the Chinese Festival of the Autumn Moon, when the full moon is at its fullest and brightest. This year’s event will also recognize other Asian harvest festivals such as Japan’s Fukushima Autumn, Thailand’s Loy Krathong Festival and Vietnam’s Tet Trung Thu. Admission: $10 for adults, $6 for seniors & students. Children five and under are admitted free. Saturday, September 29, 4:00 p.m. – 8:00 p.m.

Electronic Waste Recycling Day at Coop City – The Lower East Side Ecology Center is holding an electronic waste recycling event in Coop City this Saturday to help all New Yorkers recycle all their unwanted or broken gadgets. Help spread the word! Saturday, September 29, 10:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.

Fall 2012 Overlook Concerts: Blues – Come enjoy an afternoon in Riverside Park and enjoy talent from the Columbia University Music Performance Department, the Manhattan School of Music Community Partnerships Program, and French Cookin’ Blues Band. Sunday, September 30, 2:00 p.m. – 3:00 p.m.

Introduction to Birdwatching – Always wanted to learn more about bird watching, but aren’t sure about how to get started? Now’s your chance! The Prospect Park Alliance is hosting a free tour that will teach you about the 250 species of birds that call Prospect Park home. Saturday, September 29, 12:00 p.m. – 1:30 p.m.

Maker Faire – Enjoy technology and doing things your own way? If so, Maker Faire is for you! This two-day, family-friendly festival of invention, creativity and resourcefulness, is an all-out celebration of the Maker movement. Saturday, September 29 and Sunday, September 30

National Drug Take-Back Day – Before you hit the town on Saturday, make sure your unwanted, unused prescription drugs are properly disposed of. You’ll be helping keep your family and your environment safe. Saturday, September 29, 10:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m.

National Estuary Day – Come enjoy the Hudson River and learn how you can give back to this invaluable ecosystem! Take part in catch and release fishing and kid-friendly experiments that will help you learn about the Hudson Estuary and the animals that call it home. Saturday, September 29, 11:00 a.m.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed herein are those of the author alone. EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog, nor does EPA endorse the opinions or positions expressed. You may share this post. However, please do not change the title or the content. If you do make changes, please do not attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

EPA's official web site is www.epa.gov. Some links on this page may redirect users from the EPA website to a non-EPA, third-party site. In doing so, EPA is directing you only to the specific content referenced at the time of publication, not to any other content that may appear on the same webpage or elsewhere on the third-party site, or be added at a later date.

EPA is providing this link for informational purposes only. EPA cannot attest to the accuracy of non-EPA information provided by any third-party sites or any other linked site. EPA does not endorse any non-government websites, companies, internet applications or any policies or information expressed therein.

Sensors and Sensibility

By Vasu Kilaru

Around us every day are technologies that give us access to more information at our fingertips than any generation has ever had.  As an EPA scientist, I’m pretty thrilled about these innovations and what they mean for environmental protection.

One exciting new initiative in that realm here at EPA is called Apps and Sensors for Air Pollution or ASAP. This new aspect of our research came out of the recognition that the advances in sensor technologies are unfolding at the same amazing pace that we all see with new cellphone and smartphone technologies.

Cellphones already have a variety of sensors built in:  light sensors and proximity sensors to manage display brightness, accelerometers used as switches or to characterize motion, GPS to provide mapping and locational services, compass and gyroscope to provide direction and orientation, microphones for audio, and a camera for video/photography.

These capabilities have led to the logical coupling of other sensors, such as for air pollution monitoring or biometric measurements, with smartphones.

Traditionally, air monitoring technologies were costly to setup and maintain, and therefore the purview of governments (federal and state). Now, new miniaturized sensor technologies are approaching consumer budgets and have the advantage of being highly portable. These developments in sensor technology present an exciting new frontier where monitoring will be more democratized and available much more widely. Parallel to these developments are sensors that measure physiological conditions such as heart rate or blood oxygen levels.

Pairing environmental sensors with ones that measure biological conditions could herald a new era for both environmental protection as well as healthcare. Future developments in these sensor technologies ultimately have the capacity to help people make better decisions regarding their environment and their own health.

So we are excited to do our part in bring new technologies to you.  If you’re going to the World Maker Faire in New York this weekend (September 29-30), stop by our EPA booth, we’d love to talk about how DIYers, makers, inventors can help make a greener future.

About the Author: Vasu Kilaru works in EPA’s Office of Research and Development (ORD). He is currently working on the apps and sensors for air pollution initiative (ASAP) helping the Agency develop its strategic role and response to new sensor technology developments.
Enjoyed reading about the scientific pursuits at the EPA? Then consider checking out our  It All Starts with Science blog regularly.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed herein are those of the author alone. EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog, nor does EPA endorse the opinions or positions expressed. You may share this post. However, please do not change the title or the content. If you do make changes, please do not attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

EPA's official web site is www.epa.gov. Some links on this page may redirect users from the EPA website to a non-EPA, third-party site. In doing so, EPA is directing you only to the specific content referenced at the time of publication, not to any other content that may appear on the same webpage or elsewhere on the third-party site, or be added at a later date.

EPA is providing this link for informational purposes only. EPA cannot attest to the accuracy of non-EPA information provided by any third-party sites or any other linked site. EPA does not endorse any non-government websites, companies, internet applications or any policies or information expressed therein.

Saving Water Saves Money and our Planet

By Lorne LaMonica

Here in New York, water is relatively abundant compared, say, to Arizona or Nevada.  However, did you know that almost 30% of New York State has experienced a moderate drought for over the last nine weeks?  Right now, over 23% of the state is experiencing a moderate drought (http://droughtmonitor.unl.edu/DM_state.htm?NY,NE ).  And, New York is not alone: this summer, the drought that has settled over more than half of the continental United States is the most widespread in more than half a century and it is likely to grow worse. ( http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/science/topics/drought/index.html ).

How can we do our part to use water more efficiently?  We encourage everyone to learn about WaterSense, a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency partnership program.

The WaterSense program seeks to protect the future of our nation’s water supply by offering people a simple way to use less water with water-efficient products, new homes and services.

WaterSense brings together a variety of stakeholders to:

•Promote the value of water efficiency.

•Provide consumers easy ways to save water through product labels and information.

•Encourage innovation in manufacturing.

•Decrease water use and reduce strain on water resources and infrastructure.

Look out for products with the WaterSense label to save energy and cut costs.

The WaterSense program can help consumers make smart water choices that save money and maintain high environmental standards without compromising performance. Products and services that have earned the WaterSense label have been certified to be at least 20 percent more efficient without sacrificing performance.

If only one in every 10 homes in the United States were to install WaterSense labeled faucets or faucet accessories in their bathrooms, it could save six billion gallons of water per year, and more than $50 million in the energy costs to supply, heat, and treat that water!

The WaterSense program is making a difference. Since 2006, WaterSense has helped consumers save a cumulative 287 billion gallons of water and over $4.7 billion in water and energy bills. To learn more about how you can save water and money, visit the WaterSense (http://www.epa.gov/watersense/index.html ) web site.

About the author: Lorne LaMonica is a senior Environmental Scientist with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Mr. LaMonica has been with the EPA for over 20 years and has worked in many of EPA’s environmental programs, including its hazardous waste, NEPA, and State Revolving Fund programs.  Lorne is the Region 2 Liasion for the national EPA WaterSense program, a contributing web content author, and is a Project Officer for several grants under the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative and Pollution Prevention grants programs. Lorne works in the Pollution Prevention and Climate Change Section in EPA Region 2.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed herein are those of the author alone. EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog, nor does EPA endorse the opinions or positions expressed. You may share this post. However, please do not change the title or the content. If you do make changes, please do not attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

EPA's official web site is www.epa.gov. Some links on this page may redirect users from the EPA website to a non-EPA, third-party site. In doing so, EPA is directing you only to the specific content referenced at the time of publication, not to any other content that may appear on the same webpage or elsewhere on the third-party site, or be added at a later date.

EPA is providing this link for informational purposes only. EPA cannot attest to the accuracy of non-EPA information provided by any third-party sites or any other linked site. EPA does not endorse any non-government websites, companies, internet applications or any policies or information expressed therein.

Safer Chemicals for a Safer World: Celebrate P2 Week!

By Kristie Friesenhahn

As Tom Hanks said in You’ve Got Mail, “Don’t you love New York in the fall? It makes me want to buy school supplies.” Today launches Pollution Prevention (P2) Week, and with that in mind, we can make sure Back to School season is a little greener. The theme of this year’s P2 week is “Safer Chemicals for a Safer World.” As we get settled into the new school year, consider these tips for celebrating P2 Week.

Pollution Prevention Public Service Announcement

Bring green chemistry to your school. Promote safe chemical management and encourage teachers and students to use green chemistry principles in the classroom, considering the lifecycle of the chemicals they work with and their impact on the environment and creating awareness of chemical toxicology and sustainability. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) is conducting green chemistry pilot projects for New York’s high schools as an innovative and safer approach to chemistry. The pilot projects will include chemical assessment, inventorying, and training workshops. Read more information on green chemistry.

Cleaning your home or dorm room? Search for safer products recognized under EPA’s Design for the Environment Safer Product Labeling Program. By doing so, your family can eliminate 40 pounds of potentially harmful chemicals per year. 40 pounds! That’s more than the weight limit for a dog at your average NYC apartment!

If you’re cleaning out your medicine cabinet, remember to safely dispose of your medications. Mark your calendar for Saturday, September 29th (10am – 2pm) and visit the DEA NationalDrug Take-Back Initiative website to find a location near you.

Purchasing a new computer this school year? Search for EPEAT®-registered electronics. EPEAT® is a comprehensive environmental rating that helps identify electronics designed to be easier to recycle, less toxic and more energy efficient. Also, EPEAT® is expected to expand late this year and early next to cover printers, copiers and televisions!

E-cycle the computer you’ve replaced with the EPEAT® registered one. Read about a fellow Greening the Apple blogger’s successful Brooklyn experience with e-cycling.

About the author: Kristie Friesenhahn has been with the EPA for over five years working on issues related to pollution prevention and toxics, including developing best practices to prevent consumer and worker exposure to chemicals.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed herein are those of the author alone. EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog, nor does EPA endorse the opinions or positions expressed. You may share this post. However, please do not change the title or the content. If you do make changes, please do not attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

EPA's official web site is www.epa.gov. Some links on this page may redirect users from the EPA website to a non-EPA, third-party site. In doing so, EPA is directing you only to the specific content referenced at the time of publication, not to any other content that may appear on the same webpage or elsewhere on the third-party site, or be added at a later date.

EPA is providing this link for informational purposes only. EPA cannot attest to the accuracy of non-EPA information provided by any third-party sites or any other linked site. EPA does not endorse any non-government websites, companies, internet applications or any policies or information expressed therein.

Exploring the Hudson Aboard the Evening Star

<i>The Evening Star offers cruises along the Hudson River from historic Peeskill, New York </i>

By Schenine Mitchell

Louis P. Zicari, Jr., has been a long-standing contributor to the Brownfields Program at EPA Region 2.  He currently serves as Project Manager on an EPA Environmental Workforce Development and Job Training grant awarded to the Research Foundation of SUNY Buffalo.  He is Associate Director of the Center for Integrated Waste Management at SUNY Buffalo and has successfully managed several other brownfield grants in the region.  We can now say we know him on another level.  This EPA Project Manager is also known as Captain Louis P. Zicari (“Captain Lou”), working part-time on a vessel called the Evening Star. The Evening Star is an old Coast Guard vessel built in 1966 that has been converted to touring boat on the Hudson River.  This is the second year that the tour boat has been in operation.

Captain Lou Zicari and EPA’s Vince Pitruzzello cruising the Hudson (pictured from right to left)

Captain Lou is a USCG licensed Merchant Mariner, 50 ton Master. He has spent significant time on the Great Lakes, Finger Lakes and St. Lawrence River on vessels of all sizes.   Captain Lou has long standing interests in the environment, urban history, sport fishing – and enjoys combining his knowledge of those areas while at the helm of the Evening Star.  Thanks to Captain Lou’s knowledge and experience, the river tours serve as a great way to learn about some of the ecology and history of the Hudson River.  Recently, Vince Pitruzzello, the Program Support Branch Chief for the Emergency and Remedial Response Division at EPA Region 2, took part in a tour on the Evening Star.

The Evening Star offers river tours several times each week, Wednesday through Sunday, from Charles Point Marina or Riverfront Green Park.  Metro North has partnered with the Evening Star to provide discounted cruise tickets for those who travel by train. It’s a great way to escape the city, take an evening cruise, and then check out a local restaurant for dinner!  More information on times, locations, and prices can be found online at www.trinitycruises.com or call (914) 589-7773.

About the author: Schenine Mitchell is an Environmental Protection Specialist in the Brownfields Program of the Superfund Program Support Branch. She has a BS in International Environmental Studies from Rutgers University (Cook College), a graduate degree in Environmental Management from Montclair State University, and is a PhD student in Environmental Management at Montclair – specializing in Environmental Justice and Brownfields Redevelopment. She serves as Regional Brownfields Job Training Coordinator and currently Co-Chair of the Region 2 EJ Work Group.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed herein are those of the author alone. EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog, nor does EPA endorse the opinions or positions expressed. You may share this post. However, please do not change the title or the content. If you do make changes, please do not attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

EPA's official web site is www.epa.gov. Some links on this page may redirect users from the EPA website to a non-EPA, third-party site. In doing so, EPA is directing you only to the specific content referenced at the time of publication, not to any other content that may appear on the same webpage or elsewhere on the third-party site, or be added at a later date.

EPA is providing this link for informational purposes only. EPA cannot attest to the accuracy of non-EPA information provided by any third-party sites or any other linked site. EPA does not endorse any non-government websites, companies, internet applications or any policies or information expressed therein.

Your NYC Sustainable Weekend Activities are Here!

From bike rides to park visits, this weekend promises to be a good one. Slather on some sun screen and take advantage of the concrete jungle!

Active Design Community Bike Tour: Join Velo City’s Bikesplorers and the Alliance as they tour the Bronx River Greenay and the surrounding community. The tour is a free youth-lead tour which will demonstrate the Bikesplorers’ understanding of the realtionship between active design, health outcomes in the community, and the built environment along the Bronx River corridor. Visit Velo City’s Facebook page for more information by clicking here. Feel free to RSVP by emailing events@velocity-rides.org. Saturday, August 18, 11 a.m. -2 p.m.

Creatures! Family Day at Solar One Park. Learn how creatures from single-cell organisms to bunnies and butterflies coexist with humans. Saturday, August 18, 10 a.m. – 2 p.m.

Family Art Project: Take advantage of the free Saturday morning admission to Wave Hill Gardens and check out a family art project while you’re there. Saturday, August 18, 10 a.m. – noon.

Harlem Week: It’s much more than a week! Head to Harlem for music, film, food, arts and crafts and more. Saturday and Sunday, August 18-19, noon – 7 p.m.

Restoration Tree Stewardship: Come out to the Alley Pond Golf Center in Queens and pitch in alongside other volunteers to mulch, water and remove invasive plants around trees. Registration required. Friday, August 17, 10  a.m. to 1 p.m.

Science on the River: Check out Hudson River Park’s free environmental science festival at Pier 84! Take part in recycled crafts organized by Children’s Museum of the Arts, go fishing with the staff of the Hudson River Park, and witness the majesty of live hawk flights courtesy of Talons! A Bird of Prey Experience. For a full agenda click here. Saturday, August 18th, 11am-4pm, all ages welcome.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed herein are those of the author alone. EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog, nor does EPA endorse the opinions or positions expressed. You may share this post. However, please do not change the title or the content. If you do make changes, please do not attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

EPA's official web site is www.epa.gov. Some links on this page may redirect users from the EPA website to a non-EPA, third-party site. In doing so, EPA is directing you only to the specific content referenced at the time of publication, not to any other content that may appear on the same webpage or elsewhere on the third-party site, or be added at a later date.

EPA is providing this link for informational purposes only. EPA cannot attest to the accuracy of non-EPA information provided by any third-party sites or any other linked site. EPA does not endorse any non-government websites, companies, internet applications or any policies or information expressed therein.

What’s Green, Energy Efficient, and More Fun than Kermit the Frog?

By Larry Siegel

Answer: The Green Museum (aka The Brooklyn Children’s Museum)

There is a long history to the Brooklyn Children’s museum stretching back to 1823. Currently, the Brooklyn Children’s Museum is slated to be LEED certified by the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program of the U.S. Green Building Council and will be New York’s first “green” museum.

Just a few of the various energy efficient features of the museum include:

Geothermal Heating and Cooling System utilizes Brooklyn′s underground aquifers and a series of heat pump air handlers to control the temperature of the building.

Solar Energy Photovoltaic Systems integrated into the building design provide electricity.

Energy-Saving Sensors control the performance of the heating and lighting systems.

Solar panels at the Brooklyn Children's Museum

The Museum estimates that these and other energy saving features reduce operating costs by $100,000 a year. But you can’t put a price tag on all the joy and educational experiences the museum brings to the community. Field trips, hands-on exhibits, etc., are all geared to provide children with a fun experience that will spark their imagination and engage their minds in exciting ways while learning about the environment and science. Workshops for teachers enhance their abilities to educate and excite children in a fun way.

The museum boasts a collection of over 30,000 objects that are used to educate visitors about people and places from around the world. And there is even the option to purchase one (or more) of the 20 portable collection kits the museum offers on curriculum topics in culture and natural science that can be used by educators to bring the museum experience into the classroom. Included in the kits are such items as artifacts, specimens, photographs, DVDs, a teacher’s guide and more.

To learn more about the Brooklyn Children’s Museum go to their website.

About the Author: Larry Siegel has worked as a writer of corporate policies and procedures and as a technical writer. He currently works as a Pesticide Community Outreach Specialist for the Pesticide and Toxic Substances Branch in Edison, NJ

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed herein are those of the author alone. EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog, nor does EPA endorse the opinions or positions expressed. You may share this post. However, please do not change the title or the content. If you do make changes, please do not attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

EPA's official web site is www.epa.gov. Some links on this page may redirect users from the EPA website to a non-EPA, third-party site. In doing so, EPA is directing you only to the specific content referenced at the time of publication, not to any other content that may appear on the same webpage or elsewhere on the third-party site, or be added at a later date.

EPA is providing this link for informational purposes only. EPA cannot attest to the accuracy of non-EPA information provided by any third-party sites or any other linked site. EPA does not endorse any non-government websites, companies, internet applications or any policies or information expressed therein.