By Kathy Sykes
When I moved to Washington DC from my native Madison, Wisconsin, I missed the clean air that I had taken for granted. Summers in DC with sweltering temperatures and “Ozone Action Days” made it feel difficult to breathe just walking to work. On those days, a song kept playing in my head, “Pollution,” by satirist Tom Lehrer.
“Pollution, pollution, Wear a gas mask and a veil. Then you can breathe, long as you don’t inhale.”
I couldn’t see the harmful air pollution, but it weighed heavy on my chest on my daily jogs around Capitol Hill. Even though my work at the time (for the Senate Aging Committee) included health issues, I never worked on raising awareness about air pollutants and their serious harmful effects on older adults, especially those living with heart disease.
That’s changed now that I’m at EPA, where I serve on the Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics. Periodically, the Forum publishes a chart book of key indicators of well-being, including an indicator on air quality and older adults.
In 2012, the Forum released its fourth update on air quality and demonstrated progress made overtime with respect to the two most harmful air pollutants for older adults: PM 2.5 (also known as particulate matter), and ozone. The chart book shows (click on the link for Indicator 27) the percent of people living in counties with air pollutants above the EPA health-based standards.
Each state monitors air quality and reports it to EPA. The EPA then determines whether air pollutant measurements are above health standards. In 2002, nearly half of the population lived in counties with poor air pollution. By 2010, about 40% of our population lived in a county with poor air quality for some period that year.
While we are making progress, more work remains to be done.
Another federal collaborative effort I devote my time to is the National Prevention Strategy (NPS) that was created as part of the Affordable Care Act. Seventeen federal agencies work together to look at what we can do to advance health prevention.
Led by Surgeon General Regina Benjamin, each federal agency announced commitment areas as part of the NPS. One of EPA’s is through the Green Heart initiative which strives to educate people about air pollution and how they can reduce their exposure on poor air quality days.
The Green Heart initiative complements the Million Heart Campaign, an initiative by the Department of Health and Human Services to prevent a million heart attacks over five years. The Green Heart Initiative has a simple message for people with cardiovascular disease: check the Air Quality Index and reduce your activity on days when the air quality is not good.
There is even an app that will notify you when the air quality is unhealthy. A fact sheet, Environmental Hazards Weigh Heavy on the Heart, for older adults and their caregivers can be ordered on-line on EPA’s Aging web page.
While there are still counties where air pollution is an issue, I’m glad to know there are actions we can take to protect our heart health.
About the Author: Kathy Sykes has been working for the EPA since 1998 where she focuses on older adults and the built environment and healthy communities. In 2012, she joined the Office of Research and Development and serves as Senior Advisor for Aging and Sustainability.