How EPA Research Supports Taking Action on Climate Change
By Lek Kadeli
As my EPA colleagues and I prepare to join millions of people from across the nation and around the globe to celebrate the environment on April 22, it’s a good time to remember how much we’ve accomplished together since the first Earth Day in 1970.
Forty-four years ago, it wasn’t hard to find direct evidence that our environment was in trouble. Examples of air pollution could be seen at the end of every tailpipe, and in the thick, soot-laden plumes of black smoke flowing from industrial smokestacks and local incinerators. Litter and pollution-choked streams were the norm, and disposing of raw sewage and effluent directly into waterways was standard practice. A major mid-western river famously ignited, sparking both awareness and action.
The central theme of EPA’s Earth Day activities this year is Taking Action on Climate Change, echoing our commitment to meeting today’s greatest environmental challenge. And just like our predecessors did decades ago, we are supporting those actions with the best available science.
Dr. Chris Weaver, an EPA scientist currently on leave to serve as the Deputy Executive Director of U.S. Global Climate Change Research Program, explains: “EPA has a major role to play in preparing the nation for change, through its critical responsibilities for ensuring clean air, clean water, and healthy communities and ecosystems. And EPA researchers, working in partnership with their colleagues in other Federal agencies and in the broader scientific community, are at the forefront of advancing understanding of the impacts of—and responses to—climate and related global change.”
Examples of that work include:
- Developing the National Stormwater Calculator and Climate Assessment Tool, a resource to help local communities consider the changing climate as they develop strategies for managing runoff.
- Advancing a better understanding of how a changing climate is linked to human health, especially to the most vulnerable such as aging Americans.
- Releasing the “20 Watersheds report,” sharing results of extensive modeling characterizing a range of plausible climate change and urban development scenarios to help watershed managers take action.
- Using innovative methods to assess and evaluate emerging greenhouse gas mitigation technologies.
- Teaming up with partners in the Pacific Northwest to help protect wild salmon in the South Fork Nooksak River watershed from the effects of warming waters.
I invite you to read more about these and other examples in the 2014 Earth Day edition of our EPA Science Matters newsletter. It features stories on how EPA researchers and their partners are supporting Agency strategies and President Obama’s Climate Action Plan.
Our amazing scientists and engineers are providing the science that decision makers, communities, and individuals need for developing strategies to protect public human health and the environment in the face of a changing climate. Thanks to them, I am confident that future Earth Day events will celebrate how we were able to take action and meet the challenges of a changing climate.
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