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Challenges and Combined Sewer Overflows

2014 February 3

By Ryan Connair

sewer overflowing

Overflows happen when combined sewers are overwhelmed by heavy rain.

Every year, combined sewer overflows (CSOs) release about 850 billion gallons of untreated sewage and stormwater into lakes, streams, and rivers across the United States. CSOs happen when combined sewers—which carry both stormwater and raw sewage—are overwhelmed by heavy rain and flow into local waterways.

Unfortunately, this situation is hard to fix. Sewer utilities have thousands of miles of pipes to manage, so they often lack the resources to continuously monitor CSO activity or precisely measure how much wastewater is being discharged into the environment.  A low-cost, wireless sensor could change all that, though.

To find such a sensor, EPA partnered with Confluence—a water technology cluster in the southwest Ohio, northern Kentucky, and southeast Indiana area—to issue an open innovation challenge. Open innovation challenges offer awards for solutions that address a problem and draw in the best ideas from around the world.

The challenge was issued in July 2013 through Cincinnati Innovates and InnoCentive, who recently announced the winners.

First prize of $6,000 was awarded to Krishna Priya, from India, with prizes of $2,000 each going to Tamus Szalay (USA) and Andre Villemaire (Canada). Priya’s winning solution combined water level and ultrasonic sensors with a cellphone radio to create a prototype device that monitors water level and flow. During a CSO event, the system can send data back to utilities via text message.

“Real-time information provides the ability to plan for the events, respond quickly to equipment malfunction, and assure control systems are operating properly,” said Melissa Gatterdam, Superintendent of Watershed Operations at the Metropolitan Sewer District of Greater Cincinnati (MSDGC).

But the challenge goes beyond identifying a winning idea, it also involves a community. In this case, the community is Greater Cincinnati. Two local utilities—MSDGC and Sanitation District No. 1 of Northern Kentucky (SD1)—and a local branch of the technical consulting firm Stantec provided judges for the contest. The two utilities have expressed interest in testing the prize-winning ideas identified by the competition.

“EPA has displayed exceptional leadership with this challenge, which has catalyzed the difficult process of transferring new ideas into new technologies that are ready for the marketplace,” said Chris Kaeff, Regulatory Reporting and Wet Weather Coordinator for SD1.

“The public utility stands to gain new technology that improves operational efficiency,” Kaeff said. “The entrepreneur gains a pathway to impact the market. The venture capitalist gains an opportunity for investment. And the federal regulatory and research agency moves closer to its goal of ensuring compliance.”

Partnering to issue the challenge, EPA was able to accomplish two goals: the challenge identified a solution to a pressing environmental issue and connected the winners to utilities who can put their ideas into practice by serving as test beds for the technology and potential buyers in the market for the finished solution.

About the author: Ryan Connair works with EPA’s Environmental Technology Innovation Clusters Program as a communications contractor.

Editor’s Note:

Read more about EPA research exploring ways to reduce stormwater runoff and combined sewer overflows:

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed in Greenversations are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action, and EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog.

3 Responses leave one →
  1. Bouchakour permalink
    February 3, 2014

    Hi,
    Congratulations to Krishna Priya for the ingenious idea and success and I am confident that with a little more extra effort, we will succeed in finding a way to make the idea more practical to be able to commercialize.
    Best regards

  2. electra27 permalink
    February 3, 2014

    Walking around NYC streets, I see blocked sewers constantly. Could sewer grates be redesigned so that they let in less? I also see lots and lots and lots of left over salt on the sidewalks after a storm; shouldn’t the building owners be required to sweep that up, so that it doesn’t run into the sewers with the melting snow? What about more nature to soak up rain? (lots of ideas come to mind here.) A lot more could be done with that in my city. I am impressed by the technology that you described that will help with the problem. The solutions here are very exciting. However, Vince Lombardi said “Block and tackle,” and I say that my city should enforce the laws on the books that every citizen should be cleaning the sidewalks and 18” into the street. No amount of technology can substitute for the citizen taking ownership of their environment and no government can keep up. The government, or city, should do more to induce the VALUE of environmental stewardship. Europeans are proud of it; we should learn to be also. And I love the Innocentive challenges and understand that they do solve many, many problems more than the individual corporations or governments do. I have a reservation, though, and that is that in defining a problem narrowly and on your own terms, you only get narrow answers. Go to a surgeon and he’ll want to operate. How about a combination of technology and citizen stewardship?

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