Rain Gardens in the Winter
By Sue McDowell
Back in April, 2013, I wrote a blog about the benefits of rain gardens. Now with almost half the country engulfed in winter and freezing temperatures, should we just forget about our gardens for now?
In a way, yes. Your rain garden should take care of itself throughout the winter months and be refreshed for the spring.
If you recall from the previous post, a rain garden is a garden designed as a shallow depression to collect water that runs off from your roof, driveway and other paved areas. The gardens are filled with varieties of native plants and shrubs that are both water and drought tolerant. It’s a sustainable and economic way of dealing with rainfall as nature intended – all year round. It might not look like it, but your garden still works hard throughout the winter months. In the winter, rain gardens continue to manage rain water (or snow melt) by holding the water briefly to allow slower infiltration.
Winter rain gardens are similar to any garden – the flowers die back, waiting for spring to re-emerge. Most rain garden designs plan with winter in mind, such as using native grasses, dry seed pods from native coneflowers (Echinacea) and black-eyed Susans (Rudbeckia) .
By not cutting back last year’s growth, the rain garden can provide food and cover for winter birds such as sparrows and juncos. Adding a fresh layer of mulch and raking out any leaves will keep the rain garden functioning during the cold months and ready it for the spring growth.
Here’s a bonus tip: when you do ready your rain garden for the spring, you can put the leaves and cuttings you remove from your rain garden in your home composter. If you’re not composting, but plan to start when the weather warms up, the brown leaves and cuttings will be a perfect starter food for your compost pile.
What are some of your observations of your rain garden through these winter months?
About the author: Susan McDowell joined the EPA family in 1990. Her work on community-based sustainability throughout her career includes the award-winning Green Communities program which has traveled across the United States and internationally. She brings her ‘ecological’ perspective to her work including Pennsylvania’s nonpoint source pollution program the mid-Atlantic National Estuaries, and the G3 Academy (Green Streets, Green Jobs, Green Towns).
Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action, and EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog.
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