safety tips

The Shade Is Not Enough

By Lina Younes

Millions of people in the U.S. head to the beach for some relaxation and fun activities every summer. As many of you may be planning your trip, I wanted to share my family’s recent experience. Hopefully you will not repeat our mistakes.
A couple of weeks ago, my family and I enjoyed some days at the beach. The setting was perfect. The turquoise waters, cloudless sky, nearly deserted beach, and warm sea breeze were all the key elements for a perfect vacation. I had packed plenty of sunscreen and made sure that everyone had sunglasses to protect themselves from the powerful sun rays. However, not all of us decided to be SunWise  during our trip.

While I was acting like the sunscreen police making sure that everyone applied sunscreen regularly especially after they came got out of the water, my husband had decided that “he didn’t need it.” “I don’t use sunscreen, I’ll just stay in the shade.” “OK,” I thought, “let’s wait and see.”

So after a whole day at the beach, it was obvious that the ultraviolet rays had been relentless. My husband had a serious sunburn! Even he was surprised by the results. He lamented: “This has never happened to me. It must be the depletion of the ozone layer!”  Well, I wasn’t sure about the status of the ozone layer, but I did check the UV Index  later that day and realized that it was in the “extreme” category. Yikes! We should have known better.

So, my piece of advice,  next time you go to the beach or decide to spend some time outdoors, don’t let those powerful UV rays spoil your day.

  • Use plenty of sunscreen with SPF 15 at the minimum. Apply it generously and reapply it often.
  • Use protective clothing like a long-sleeved shirt and wide-brimmed hat, when possible.
  • Use sunglasses.
  • Seek the shade and if possible avoid the sun’s UV rays between 10 in the morning and 4 in the afternoon when the sun is the strongest.
  • Check the UV Index before you go outdoors to prevent overexposure.

And another piece of advice, don’t be fooled when it’s cloudy. Consider using all our sun safety tips because staying under the shade is not enough.

About the author:  Lina Younes has been working for EPA since 2002 and currently serves the Multilingual Outreach and Communications Liaison for EPA. She manages EPA’s social media efforts in Spanish. Prior to joining EPA, she was the Washington bureau chief for two Puerto Rican newspapers and she has worked for several government agencies.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action, and EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog.

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Protecting Your Eyes Year Round

By Lina Younes

Recently I took my mother to the ophthalmologist for her check-up.  She has developed several eye conditions related to the process of aging and to extended sun exposure. Cataracts and macular degeneration are just some of the conditions that can develop due to ultraviolet radiation and aging. Having spent most of her life in Puerto Rico it is very difficult to escape those powerful ultraviolet rays!  As far as I remember she has always worn sunglasses.  In her youth, it was mostly for fashion purposes. In her later years, she has been wearing prescription sunglasses. Yet the prolonged exposure to UV radiation has taken its toll on her eyes over the years.

Originally, I thought that you needed to protect your eyes mostly in the summertime. As I have read more on the issue, I’ve realized that since ultraviolet radiation does not “take a break” during the winter months, you really have to protect your eyes even if it’s cold and dreary outside.

Did you know that snow and ice absorb more light than water? Thus, you need to protect yourself from UV radiation in wintry conditions or while having fun on sunny slopes as well. Have you heard of the temporary disorder called snow blindness or photokeratitis? Do you recall the recent news story of the news reporter who became temporarily blind because he had actually sunburnt his eyes while out in the water for an extended time?

The fact is that we have to be more vigilant in order to protect our skin and eyes from ultraviolet radiation regardless of our complexion or the time of year. Do you have any sun safety tips that you would like to share with us?

About the author: Lina Younes has been working for EPA since 2002 and currently serves the Multilingual Outreach and Communications Liaison for EPA. She manages EPA’s social media efforts in Spanish. Prior to joining EPA, she was the Washington bureau chief for two Puerto Rican newspapers and she has worked for several government agencies.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action, and EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog.

Please share this post. However, please don't change the title or the content. If you do make changes, don't attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.