Monthly Archives: May 2013

EPA’s Biggest Energy Loser Wins Big…Can You?

Battle of the BuildingsBy: Alena Hutchinson

A few weeks ago, EPA announced the winners of its 2012 ENERGY STAR National Building Competition. For the third year in a row, we were blown away by the results. Out of more than 3,000 competitors, all of the top 15 finishers reduced their energy waste by more than 30 percent. In addition, more than 85 buildings in the competition had a 20 percent reduction. Altogether, the competitors saved a combined total of more than 3 billion kBtus of energy and $50 million on utility bills.

Many were winners. Only one was the biggest loser.

So, who won? Demarest Elementary School in Bloomfield, NJ, emerged victorious by cutting its energy use by more than half and achieving a whopping 52 percent reduction in one year. And they did it mostly through no- and low-cost changes, like turning off and unplugging equipment when it wasn’t in use and practicing “toast and coast” heating — the turning off of boilers once the building had reached outside temperatures on nice days.

While the big savings numbers always get the most attention, perhaps even more impressive is what the average competitor accomplished. Buildings that reduced their consumption during the competition saved an average of nearly $25,000 and reduced their energy use by 8% from the previous year.

Small changes make a big difference.  

The results aren’t all that different than what we often see on NBC’s The Biggest Loser, which was the inspiration for this competition. Buildings across the nation compete to work off their energy waste with help from ENERGY STAR. At the end, the building that cuts its energy use the most is declared the winner.

And just like on the TV show, there are ups and downs for every building. Sometimes, drastic measures are needed, but often it just takes small changes everyday that add up to big savings. Just like it’s not always necessary to take extreme measures to lose weight, buildings don’t always need to implement expensive technology upgrades to start cutting energy use. Likewise, adopting small lifestyle changes like eating healthier and exercising can make all the difference. Changing behaviors, whether it’s by turning off lights that aren’t being used, not heating or cooling empty spaces, and unplugging energy-wasting equipment, can make a huge impact when it’s done regularly and becomes a lifestyle.

Step on the scale. Repeat.

Of course, one of the most important steps in an energy waste-loss program is stepping on the scale. For buildings, that means entering monthly energy data in ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager, EPA’s energy measurement and tracking tool. By continuing to monitor and track the ups and downs of energy use, building owners and managers can find out where they stand…and where they need to go.

Join the fun next year. Sign up by May 31!

So who really won this year? The short answer: we all did. When buildings use less energy, the plants that power them emit fewer greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, resulting in a cleaner, healthier environment for all of us.

Want to be a part of the solution? Ask your management to enter your building in the 2013 competition. The fourth season brings all new twists, including new ways to win and more ways to compete. Perhaps the biggest change this year is that tenants can compete! So whether your organization occupies all of a building or part of one, you can compete to become the next biggest energy loser.

Learn more and register at www.energystar.gov/battleofthebuildings

Alena Hutchinson is a member of the Commercial and Industrial Branch for EPA’s ENERGY STAR program. 

 

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action, and EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog.

Please share this post. However, please don't change the title or the content. If you do make changes, don't attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

Career Advice from Yvette

yvette-panda

I am always very happy when I come across an easy to use, pleasantly appealing website.  I never really think about all that goes into creating this website.  I sat down with Yvette Pina to learn more about her work for the EPA’s web pages.

What is your position at the EPA?

I am a Visual Information Specialist.  I work on the web team to create and maintain web pages.

Do you have prior work experiences that lead you to the EPA?

I have a degree in Chemistry, with an emphasis on computational chemistry, which is chemistry combined with computer science.  I started at the EPA as a Field Chemist Intern.  I always had a knack for computers, so after my internship I applied to be a Computer Technician.

What is a typical day like for you?

Every day I check the news and events page to make sure everything is up-to-date.  Region 5 has a web support email which we manage as best as we can.  We handle cases of high priority first and then respond to requests as they come in.

What is the best part of your job?

The best part of my job is when people are satisfied with their web pages.  It is great to know people are content and like the way the web pages look.

Did you always have an interest in the environment?

None what so ever.  I didn’t even know what the EPA was!  I applied with a job through the Department of Justice and they connected me with the EPA.  However, since coming to the EPA my interest has grown and I have learned so much.  It’s hard not to.

What classes did you take in school that you use on the job today?

I took lots of computer programming classes.  I have always had an interest and knack for computers, even in high school when computers were new.

Do you have any advice for kids today who have an interest in protecting our environment?

Pursue your interests.  Figure out what motivates you.  What piques your curiosity?  Follow that!

Kelly Siegel is a student volunteer in the EPA’s Air and Radiation Division in Region 5, and is currently obtaining her Master’s degree in Urban Planning and Policy at the University of Illinois at Chicago.  She has a passion for sustainable development, running, and traveling with friends.

 

 

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action, and EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog.

Please share this post. However, please don't change the title or the content. If you do make changes, don't attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

Su piel y los ABC’s

Por Lina Younes

A medida que envejecemos, nuestra piel cambia. Como parte del proceso natural del envejecimiento se producen frecuentemente manchas en la piel llamadas “manchas del hígado”. También hay pequeños crecimientos de tejido conocidos como apéndices cutáneos en la superficie de la piel. En general estas manchas y crecimientos no son inofensivos. No obstante, algunos podrían ser algo más preocupantes y van más allá de la apariencia física.  Estos cambios podrían estar relacionados con la temible “C:”  cáncer de la piel.

Estudios científicos indican que el cáncer de la piel  se ha convertido en el cáncer más común en Estados Unidos debido mayormente a la exposición excesiva a los dañinos rayos ultravioletas (UV).  ¿Entonces, cómo puede saber si ese nuevo crecimiento o mancha requiere una visita al médico? Consulte las “A-B-C-D-E”.  Estas letras significan:

A = Asimetría (una parte de la mancha luce diferente a la otra)

B = Bordes irregulares

C = Color cambiante o la mancha tiene varios colores

D = Diámetro es mayor que el tamaño de la goma de borrar del lápiz

E =Evolución. En otras palabras, la mancha o tejido está evolucionando, cambiando de tamaño, síntomas, colores y hasta podría sangrar.

En este caso, usted debe ver a su médico a la mayor brevedad posible.

 

El verano pasado, mi padre que ya tiene ochenta y pico de años, notó una mancha en la piel que estaba evolucionando  y ocasionalmente sangraba. Se la enseñó a mi primo que es dermatólogo e inmediatamente le hizo una biopsia. El resultado de la prueba reveló que tenía un carcinoma de células basales. Por suerte, el cáncer estaba en una etapa inicial. Durante un procedimiento quirúrgico ambulatorio, el cáncer fue extirpado.  Mi padre se recuperó rápidamente y ahora se chequea con regularidad para asegurar que no haya manchas o crecimientos anormales en su piel.

 

¿Qué pasos puede tomar para prevenir el cáncer de la piel? Hay varias cosas que puede hacer. ¿Qué acción figura en primer lugar? Incorpore hábitos sanos para protegerse del sol en su diario vivir. Puede disfrutar del sol y las actividades al aire libre usando una crema protectora solar y ropa protectora. Busque la sombra especialmente durante las horas de 10 AM a 4 PM cuando los rayos solares son más intensos. Evite broncearse, sea directamente bajo el sol o en las camas bronceadoras. ¡Siga estos consejos durante el Día de No Freírse y cada día del año!

¿Tiene algunos consejos sobre la seguridad bajo el sol que quisiera compartir con nosotros? Nos encantaría escuchar su opinión.

Acerca de la autora: Lina M. F. Younes ha trabajado en la Agencia de Protección Ambiental de EE.UU. desde el 2002 y se desempeña, en la actualidad, como portavoz hispana de la Agencia, así como enlace de asuntos multilingües de EPA. Además, ha laborado como la escritora y editora de los blogs en español de EPA durante los pasados cuatro años. Antes de unirse a la Agencia, dirigió la oficina en Washington, DC de dos periódicos puertorriqueños y ha laborado en varias agencias gubernamentales a lo largo de su carrera profesional en la Capital Federal.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action, and EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog.

Please share this post. However, please don't change the title or the content. If you do make changes, don't attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

Helping to Protect Wild Salmon

To expand the conversation on climate change, we are highlighting EPA climate change research with Science Matters articles. Below, we share an article about how EPA researchers and partners are working to help protect wild salmon from warming water.

Helping to Protect Wild Salmon More

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action.

Please share this post. However, please don't change the title or the content. If you do make changes, don't attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

Rehabilitating George, and other Injured Birds at the Raptor Trust

Red Tail Hawk with broken wing

Red Tail Hawk with broken wing

By Marcia Anderson

This Red Tail Hawk was found in March on the roadway of the George Washington Bridge by Bergen County Animal Control, so I will call him George.

In the wild, an injured wing is usually a death sentence for a bird, except this time, thanks to the Raptor Trust, located in Millington, N.J. The Raptor Trust is recognized as a national leader in the fields of raptor conservation, avian rehabilitation and the conservation of birds of prey. The “Trust” includes a hospital with state-of-the-art medical center, diagnostic facilities, and quality housing for several hundred injured, abandoned or poisoned birds brought to them from New York City and New Jersey.

Pictured below is the x-ray of George’s broken wing prior to surgery on April 21. At the fully equipped medical infirmary, veterinarian Dr. Andrew Major, pinned bone fragments back into place and treated an existing infection at the site of the injury. It will take months of care at the Raptor Trust for the bone in the wing to solidify before the pins can be removed. George is currently recovering from his surgery in an outdoor aviary. He is

eating and progressing nicely.  After his wing pins are removed and before he is allowed to be released, his joints must loosen by practicing short flights in an aviary cage. In the wild, hawks can attain speeds of over 150 mph when diving for their prey, so George must be completely rehabilitated before being released.

Broken wing X-ray

Broken wing X-ray

The Raptor Trust is open 365 days a year to receive injured and orphaned wild birds at their medical infirmary. The primary goal of the center is to restore good health or useful purpose to all birds. In 2011, the center had 3556 patients. They successfully rehabilitated 1644 of the birds including 203 raptors and 1441 non-raptors. Sadly, not all birds recover or can be fully rehabilitated. Unreleasable raptors may become part of the Raptor Trust’s captive breeding, foster parenting, or educational programs. Foster parent birds of the same species help to raise orphaned young and teach them correct behaviors, thereby avoiding human imprinting. Hundreds of young injured or abandoned raptors have been successfully released back into the wild as a result of the ‘Foster Bird Parent Program’.

All hawks are protected by state and federal laws. It is illegal to capture or kill a hawk, or to possess a hawk, alive or dead, without proper permits from both the State and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

What you can do to help prevent injuries to wild birds around your home….

  1. Avoid removing trees and shrubs in prime nesting season: spring and summer. Wait until fall when bird nests are no longer in use.
  2. Birds accidently fly into glass because they mistake reflections for reality, so disarm window and glass doors by disrupting their see-through or mirror-like qualities. You can place streamers, a windsock or lines of colored string across the outside of the window. A hawk silhouette taped to the glass, or decals, act as a danger sign to most birds. Interior lights will also eliminate or reduce reflections.

Visitors to the Raptor Trust are always welcome and are afforded a unique opportunity to view at close range the many hawks, eagles, falcons, vultures, and owls that are permanent residents in the aviaries at the facility. For more information go to:  http://theraptortrust.org/

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action, and EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog.

Please share this post. However, please don't change the title or the content. If you do make changes, don't attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

Join Us and Bike to Work

Several links below exit EPA Exit EPA Disclaimer

By Joe Edgell

I’m always struck by the reasons people have for not commuting by bike.  No shower facilities.  Don’t know the route.  Unsure how to get started.  But the biggest reason cited by most people is the perceived safety of riding a bike in traffic.  In fact, 60% of people in U.S. cities indicate they would ride a bicycle but for their traffic-related concerns, according to Tom Bowden, Chairman of BikeVirginia in his recent National Bike Summit presentation.

Believe it or not, biking is actually much safer than driving or walking.  Biking has significantly less fatalities than driving, walking near traffic, swimming, motorcycling, and flying small planes.  For every hour you ride your bike, you have an incredibly small chance of getting injured—and only a 0.00000041% chance of dying.  Compared to driving a car, bicycling is far safer.  If you drive your car, you have a 15 times higher liklihood of dying than if you ride your bicycle.  You would have to ride your bike about 15,000 hours before you’d risk being killed, a number almost no one reaches.

Looking at the benefits of bicycling, the British Medical Society found, according to Tom, that the health benefits of riding your bike outweigh the risks by 77 to one!  You’ll do your mind and body a favor by bike commuting, arriving at work refreshed and ready to start the day.  And arriving home, having ridden all the day’s stresses out.

Given the incredible safety of biking to work, please come join me and my fellow cyclists and bike to work this summer. If you’re a federal government employee you can join the Federal Bike-To-Work Challenge. All cyclists can participate in events and get tips from the League of American Bicyclists. Start biking to work today and you’ll find out just how easy bicycle commuting really is!

About the author: Joe Edgell is an attorney for the Office of General Counsel. Perched atop the bicycling baby seat, he’s been bicycling since before he could walk.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action, and EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog.

Please share this post. However, please don't change the title or the content. If you do make changes, don't attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

#swimsafe: Let’s Chat about Healthy Waters

KidsinaswimmingpoolIt’s Recreational Water Illness & Injury Prevention Week! So let’s chat about how we’re using science to keep our water ways healthy. We’re thrilled to be joining The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)’s twitter chat #swimsafe on Wednesday May 22 at 2pm EDT.

We’ll be joining CDC experts Michele Hlavsa and Michael Beach to talk about how to keep yourself and your family healthy and safe this summer swim season and beyond. Our own EPA expert Tim Wade, a health scientist with our Epidemiology Branch will be fielding your questions about our research.

Learn more about his research investigating human health effects of waterborne exposures and new water quality methods at: http://www.epa.gov/neear/ and http://www.ehjournal.net/content/9/1/66.

Be sure to hop onto twitter, follow @CDC_NCEZID and @EPAresearch and ask questions using #swimsafe . Not on twitter? No problem! Post your questions for Dr. Wade in the comments section below.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action.

Please share this post. However, please don't change the title or the content. If you do make changes, don't attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

Ebb and Flow: Feeling Like a Yo-yo

By Sean Sheldrake

My previous blog posts have featured how EPA diving scientists support cleanups in the nation’s waterways.  In this post, I talk about how our divers study the connection between groundwater and our waterways to support EPA cleanups.  (Hint: it’s not a one way street!)  Understanding which way groundwater is flowing is critical to implementing a successful cleanup—and protecting our nation’s waterways and oceans.

Groundwater: coming or going? 

We all know storm drains connect to our waterways, but how about groundwater? In a given stretch of a stream, lake,  river,  or the seafloor, groundwater may be feeding the waterway—or the opposite—that stream, lake,  river, or ocean could be losing water into groundwater in that location.  The direction of the flow can change by the hour, day, season, and conditions (such as drought)—a reality of the interconnectedness of water in the environment.

Gaining or losing? Mapping out the flow to get the cleanup right

Determining whether a river loses or gains water from the ground is a big deal when devising the best course of action to take during cleanup activities, as we need to follow the contaminated water to wherever it goes.  With this information, we can decide on important details, such as where to install caps in a riverbed to stop the flow of contaminated discharge, or how many and how fast pumping wells should be employed to move contaminated groundwater to a treatment plant.

Seepage meter installed by an EPA scientific diver near a Superfund Site in Lake Washington. Photo: Rob Pedersen, USEPA.

Seepage meter installed by an EPA scientific diver near a Superfund Site in Lake Washington. Photo: Rob Pedersen, USEPA.

Making such a determination is an ongoing process. For example, in an estuarine river (the part of a river that is near the sea), this may take a lot of monitoring locations over time to know we’re choosing the right kind of cleanup. A lot of factors also need to be considered, including the location, direction, and volume of local ship traffic.  EPA divers often must check various locations in the sediment near an active cleanup to determine where groundwater is discharging into the river—and vice versa.

Low-tech goes underwater

At some sites near marine environments, we use conductivity mapping to determine where groundwater discharge is occurring.  Because salt water conducts electricity better than fresh water, we tow an array of electrical cables that measure electrical fields to produce a map of where fresh ground water is discharging into salt water.  In other sites, we can use a more low-tech approach.

The photo above shows one such technique. Here, we use a five-gallon bucket, cut in half, stuck into the lake bottom. We then outfitted it with a sampling bag filled half way with water.  We use this simple device to determine the direction of the water flow by noting what happens to the sampling bag. If it begins to empty we know the direction of water is OUT of the lake (and bag) and into the ground, and if it fills up, we know the water is flowing in the other direction: from the ground into the river.   We can also seal the bag and bring it to our lab for analysis, getting and even better understanding of the rate of contaminant discharge into a lake or stream.  Over time, divers come back to visit the site to map the wonderful complexity of water’s connections.  The map allows us to understand the movement of historical pollution and to determine how to best conduct a clean up.

Read more about the latest in EPA scientific diving at facebook.com/EPADivers.

About the author:  Sean Sheldrake is part of the Seattle EPA Dive unit and is also a project manager working on the Portland Harbor cleanup in Oregon.  Sean Sheldrake serves on the EPA diving safety board, responsible for setting EPA diving policy requirements. 

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action.

Please share this post. However, please don't change the title or the content. If you do make changes, don't attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

Proteja su piel bajo la lluvia o el sol

Por Lina Younes

 

En los Estados Unidos, se considera el fin de semana del Día de Recordación por los Caídos como el comienzo extraoficial de la temporada veraniega donde descansamos, disfrutamos de las actividades al aire libre y nos divertimos bajo el sol.  Algunas personas deciden “prepararse” con antelación a su visita a la playa para no verse tan pálidas en traje de baño y optan por visitar los salones especiales para broncearse. ¿Sin embargo, sabía usted que al broncearse la piel, sea bajo el candente sol del mediodía o en una cama bronceadora, en efecto, se está haciendo daño a la piel? Ese “proceso de freírse” puede ocasionar cáncer de la piel una de las formas más comunes de cáncer en Estados Unidos.

Por dicha razón, EPA,  sus socios federales y el Consejo Nacional para la Prevención del Cáncer de la Piel se han unido para concientizar al público acerca de lo que puede hacer para proteger su salud y prevenir el cáncer de la piel. El viernes antes del Día de Recordación ha sido designado como el “Día de No Freírse para asegurarse que la gente en este país disfrute de las actividades al aire libre mientras se protegen del efecto de los poderosos rayos solares ultravioletas dañinos que brillan aún en los días más nublados.

Confieso que mi actitud hacia el sol ha cambiado a lo largo de los años. Cuando yo era adolescente, usaba esos aceites para broncear que básicamente me “freían”.  Sin embargo, con el tiempo y mayor concienciación sobre el tema, me di cuenta del daño que me estaba haciendo a mí misma y ahora uso crema protectora solar cuando voy a estar activa al aire libre. Me he esforzado en enseñarle a mis hijos que usen la crema protectora solar, gafas de sol, y sombreros cuando estaban en el equipo de natación o jugando afuera.  Por suerte, mi hija menor todavía sigue mis consejos y le encanta usar sombreros y gafas. Mientras ella lo hace para estar a la moda, yo me alegro de los beneficios de la protección solar que esos hábitos conllevan.

Además,  las personas de edad avanzada también tienen que tomar pasos para proteger su piel. Insolaciones y quemaduras de piel en su juventud pueden tener repercusiones adversas en sus años dorados. Los poderosos rayos UV también pueden ocasionar cataratas.  Mis padres, ambos con más de 80 primaveras, han vivido gran parte de su vida en Puerto Rico.  Mientras mi madre siempre ha usado crema protectora solar y gafas de sol, ahora padece de cataratas y los efectos nocivos que el sol le ha provocado en sus ojos.  Por su parte, mi padre casi nunca usa crema protectora solar y justo el año pasado le extirparon un carcinoma de células basales. Por suerte, detectamos el cáncer temprano y ahora se encuentra muy bien.

 Independientemente de su tez, su edad o donde viva, se debe proteger de los rayos ultravioletas dañinos. EPA ha desarrollado una aplicación móvil gratuita que puede descargar a su teléfono inteligente con el pronóstico del Índice de Rayos UV en su localidad.

Disfrute de sus actividades bajo el sol de manera segura. ¿Tiene algunos consejos que quisiera compartir con nosotros?

Acerca de la autora: Lina M. F. Younes ha trabajado en la Agencia de Protección Ambiental de EE.UU. desde el 2002 y se desempeña, en la actualidad, como portavoz hispana de la Agencia, así como enlace de asuntos multilingües de EPA. Además, ha laborado como la escritora y editora de los blogs en español de EPA durante los pasados cuatro años. Antes de unirse a la Agencia, dirigió la oficina en Washington, DC de dos periódicos puertorriqueños y ha laborado en varias agencias gubernamentales a lo largo de su carrera profesional en la Capital Federal.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action, and EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog.

Please share this post. However, please don't change the title or the content. If you do make changes, don't attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.

LET THE SUNSHINE IN (Or rather: ON)

 By Walter Mugdan

 May 2013

Residential solar electric energy has come of age.  Now, when the advertisement says, “No money down, EVER,” it’s not a scam.

In the past, if you wanted solar panels you paid an installer up front – thousands, even tens of thousands of dollars.  Then you applied to the government for various tax incentives, which would eventually defray part of your initial outlay.  Your electric bill would be reduced by the amount of solar energy you produced, so eventually you’d recoup all of your initial investment and thereafter enjoy the “profit” from a perpetually lower electric bill.  Typically, the payback time was 5-7 years.

If you could afford the initial outlay, and you expected to stay in your house beyond the payback period, this approach was OK.  But most homeowners weren’t going for it, so private residential solar wasn’t gaining much of a toehold.

Then came a new business model: a solar company leases your roof, puts up the solar panels, and maintains them at its own expense.  You literally pay no many down.

Here’s how  the program works.  You request an initial price quote over the internet from one or more of the many solar installers operating in our area.  You provide some basic information, including your current electricity usage.  The solar company looks at aerial images of your home to see how your house is configured.

(By the way, The New York City Solar Maphttp://nycsolarmap.com/  — is a simple internet tool that all New Yorkers can use to learn about the potential for solar on their buildings anywhere throughout the City.  It will quickly dispel any lingering notions that solar is just for homes down south in the Sunbelt.)

If things look favorable, you’ll get an initial estimate from the companies you contacted.  Next they will inspect to confirm the exact roof angle, orientation and shading.  That allows them to calculate the amount of sunshine your roof will receive in an average year so they can give you a firm offer.

And here’s how the offer works.  As the ad says, you’ll pay no money down.  You’ll be asked to sign a contract leasing your roof to the solar company for 20 years. The company will install the panels and be responsible for their maintenance.  The company will also apply for all necessary permits, insurance and tax benefits.

The electricity made by the panels is fed back into the grid, so your meter effectively runs backwards.  Your monthly utility bill is reduced by the amount of kilowatts made by the solar panels.

During the 20-year lease period you’ll pay the solar company a fixed amount every month.  The solar company guarantees that your annual utility bill will be reduced by a specified minimum number of kilowatts.  The combined total of what you pay the solar company, plus what you continue to pay your electric utility, will be a lot less than what you currently pay the utility.

This really is a win-win situation.  You save money every month, and you dramatically reduce your carbon footprint and help save the planet.  Not bad for no money down.

Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action, and EPA does not verify the accuracy or science of the contents of the blog.

Please share this post. However, please don't change the title or the content. If you do make changes, don't attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author.